What is Hydrolysis?
Hydrolysis literally means reaction with water. It is a chemical process in which a molecule is cleaved into two parts by the addition of a molecule of water. One fragment of the parent molecule gains a hydrogen ion (H + ) from the additional water molecule. The other group collects the remaining hydroxyl group (OH-).
Hydrolysis: a combination of the words - hydro "water" + lysis "separation", is a chemical reaction during which molecules of water (H2O) are split into hydrogen cations (H+, conventionally referred to as protons) and hydroxide anions (OH-) in the process of a chemical mechanism. It is the type of reaction that is used to break down certain polymers, especially those made by condensation polymerization.
Hydrolysis of Starch
Starch can be hydrolyzed into simpler carbohydrates by acids, various enzymes, or a combination of the two. (Enzymes that break down or hydrolyze starch into the constituent sugars are known as amylases.) The resulting fragments are known as dextrins. The extent of conversion is typically quantified by dextrose equivalent (DE), which is roughly the fraction of the glycosidic bonds in starch that have been broken.
The combination of hydrolysed starch, enzyme, and agitation from the JetCooker™ are a typical manufacturing process to produce fructose, glucose, multidextrins, ethanol and a wide variety of by-products for a multitude of industries. Learn more about jet cooking of starch.